IMPACT OF TROUT FARMS ON WATER QUALITY IN THE MARÓZKA RIVER (MAZURIAN LAKELAND, POLAND)
Mariusz Teodorowicz, Helena Gawrońska, Konstanty Lossow, Michał Łopata
Department of Environment Protection Engineering,
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
ABSTRACT. In 2004, measurements of the chemical properties of the waters of the Marózka River in the Mazurian Lakeland (northern Poland) were taken eight times in order to determine the impact two trout farms located in Szwaderki (farm A) and Kurki (farm B) had on this river. The negative impact was manifested mainly through the increased nutrient content in the river waters. The annual total phosphorus (P) load increased downstream from farm A by 19.0% and from farm B by 26.1%, while the total nitrogen (N) load was higher by 22.6% and 10.3%, respectively. In the summer, water oxygen saturation downstream from the trout farms dropped considerably whereas other physicochemical parameters did not change notably. Lake Święte received effluents from farm A, while Lake Łańskie received those from farm B. The contribution of farm B to the total external load received by the mesotrophic Lake Łańskie, which is a highly valuable ecosystem, was 12.9% total P and 5.0% total N.
Key words: PHOSPHORUS, NITROGEN, TROUT FARMS, EUTROPHICATION
Dr Mariusz Teodorowicz, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski, Wydział Ochrony Środowiska i Rybactwa, Katedra Inżynierii Ochrony Środowiska, ul. Prawocheńskiego 1, 10-950 Olsztyn; Tel./Fax: +48 89 5233768; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org